Over the centuries, the Church has sought to identify the source of God’s revelation, particularly as it pertains to the task of theological inquiry. When faced with various issues, the burning question being asked has been, "How do we discern the truth?" One of Martin Luther’s key concerns with the Roman Catholic church was its twofold source of theological truth: scripture and apostolic tradition. Raising the banner of sola scriptura, Luther argued that Scripture alone should be the sole source for theology. As theologians continued to wrestle with Luther’s premise, however, the impact of one’s context on the theological task to raised questions. Within the Methodist tradition, the “Wesleyan Quadrilateral” (practiced by John Wesley, but coined by Albert Outler) seeks to broaden the scope of theological revelation. While it affirms the legitimacy of scripture and tradition, it also recognizes the importance of reason and experience.
For those within the Wesleyan tradition, this quadrilateral approach is the litmus test for theological truth. When faced with an issue, one is wise to view it through all four lenses, always remembering to keep Scripture as the primary source. With the advent of social media, however, the entire task of theological inquiry seems to have taken a back seat.
This week I have read, heard and watched solid arguments on both sides of the marriage issue. As I continue to strive toward “intensional living” on the via media, I have done so with an open mind, trying to bring as few prejudices and biases to the conversation in order to give my full attention to both sides. As people have publicly grappled with this issue by sharing articles, videos, references to scripture and stories of personal experience all over Facebook and Twitter, the thing that perhaps makes me most uncomfortable is the viral sharing of memes, and the startlingly serious comments in reply.
For those of you unaware, the phenomenon of “memes” is the pairing of pictures and illustrations with pithy and witty sayings, often shaped by irony and/or humor. The more clever the meme, the more it gets shared on Facebook and retweeted on Twitter. In a world where Stephen Colbert and John Stewart are more trusted news sources for young adults than any of the major networks, wittiness wins the day. If you can relay information in such a way that makes somebody laugh, they are more open to trusting it as the truth. I won’t lie; many of the memes that I have seen are extremely clever and often elicit a chuckle from me. However, I cringe when I see someone share one of these pictures or illustrations and say something like, “No further questions,” as if this singular image and saying has made up their mind on such a deeply significant issue.
Allow me to share a couple examples:
In favor of homosexual marriage:
Opposed to homosexual marriage:
In reference to the trend of those in favor of homosexual marriage changing their profile pictures to the red equal-sign logo as the SCOTUS makes their decision:
Again, witty? Yes.
Authoritative? Absolutely not.
You may think that I’m simply blowing things out of proportion, or making a caricature of the sharing of memes, but I beg to differ. When a teenager in my youth group shares a meme, I am not surprised. When they comment on a meme and make obvious the fact that they have not put much time into personal discernment on the issue, I tend to give them the benefit of the doubt. However, when I see self-respecting adults sharing these images and sayings and commenting on them as if they actually add credibility to one side of an argument or the other, I have to shake my head in disbelief.
Has our social dialogue been diminished to this? Has personal discernment taken a back seat to collective pop-humor?
As faithful Christians, we are called to be disciples and to create disciples. We must do everything we can to train and equip thinking and discerning Christians who take the theological task seriously. With Scripture as our guide, and with tradition, reason and experience each contributing to the conversation, may we not lose sight of the importance of the process of faithful inquiry.